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Chronicles of Darkness: 1631
- 1618-1648: The Thirty Years War begins within the Holy Roman Empire due to conflicts between Catholic and Protestant Imperial Estates. The conflict soon engulfs other european nations, like Sweden, France and Spain.
- In the wake of the Thirty Years War, Catholic troops under General Tilly ransack the city of Magdeburg, killing nearly the entire population. The destruction is nearly total, resulting in terms like "Magdeburg mercy" or "magdeburgization" as euphemisms for pillaging, rape, total destruction and no quarter.