| This Year In|
- 1208-1244: Albigensian Crusade against the Cathars in France continues. The war results in the complete destruction of the cultures of Provençe and Aquitaine.
- The Teutonic Knights seize Prussia from Poland, adding it to the Holy Roman Empire.
- Pope Gregory IX establishes a permanent tribunal of ecclesiastical judges - the Inquisition, and the Society of Leopold along with it. While its members employ no new methods, their rapid recruitment, extensive travel and autonomy - they answered only to the Pope - made them much more effective. With help from Gabrielites and Messianic Voices, witch-hunts flourish.